The Josephinum is of particular significance not only because of the unique historical, architectural and cultural importance of the building itself and its original collections, but also as an institution responsible for preserving, studying and mediating all the historic collections held by the Medical University of Vienna.
One of the outstanding features of the Medical University of Vienna’s rich cultural heritage is that its collections have grown over many centuries, developed out of everyday use in the faculty for scientific, educational, research and healthcare purposes, and thus represent the variety of ways in which these fields developed. The impact of Vienna’s Medical Faculty is extensively documented and these materials are also unique for the wide range of sources preserved to this day (architecture, teaching material, instruments, literature, archive material, artwork and many others).
The collection of anatomical wax models has a particular significance among the many collections, libraries, documents and assets held by the Josephinum as a unique cultural artefact, unlike anything else in the world. It must therefore be seen as a historic monument and protected accordingly.